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Gum Care

Gingivitis is the start of gum disease, also known as periodontitis. A substantial amount of people suffer from gum disease without even realizing that they have it.

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Gingivitis Treatment

If left untreated, these symptoms attract bacteria that spread through the gum tissue and to the tooth's root. Over time, this can cause the infected teeth to loosen, decay, and fall out.

Having regular dental check-ups helps to identify the presence of gum disease in its early stages, and then appropriate treatment can prevent the spread of infection and tooth loss. Missing teeth affect how teeth bite together, nutritional choices, and accentuate oral trauma, leading to bone and facial volume loss.

Ultimately, gum disease impacts an individual’s quality of life because oral and overall health suffers. Increased oral trauma causes discomfort and visible missing teeth, with changing facial contours affecting how individuals feel about themselves and their self-confidence.

Defining Gum Disease


Gum disease is gingivitis – swelling or inflammation of the gum tissues. Gums appear red and inflamed with bleeding. Bleeding is more likely to occur when brushing or eating. Where symptoms are mild, individuals may not know that they have the onset of gum disease.
A major cause of gum disease is poor oral hygiene, when sticky plaque builds up in the mouth, attracting bacteria. Usually, good oral hygiene practices such as daily teeth brushing and flossing after meals and before sleep work to prevent plaque build-up.
Once plaque gathers on the teeth and gums, gingivitis may easily set in and, if left untreated, may infect oral structures, leading to conditions such as periodontal disease and bone loss. Teeth fall out because the bone and periodontal ligament attaching teeth to the jaw bone degenerate. A loose tooth is usually the start of tooth loss.

Normal, healthy gums appear pink and firm without swelling or unusual pigmentation. When gum disease is present, the gum tissue becomes swollen, less firm, tender and red with a mild to severe presence of bleeding.
Although some discomfort may be felt, (add a comma) gum disease is not very painful. It can go unnoticed unless recognized by a dentist during regular dental check-ups. Individuals with gum disease may experience oral bleeding, particularly when eating hard foods, brushing their teeth, and flossing.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

Symptoms may differ depending on how far gum disease has progressed. Severe gum disease and periodontitis may present themselves in the following symptoms:

Foul taste in the mouth and breath

Blood and pus flowing from the gums

Abscesses causing pain and discomfort


Sensitive and loose teeth

Receding gums increasing tooth appearance

Difficulty eating

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